SHORTHORN

   Shorthorns were the first pure breeds to  arrived in the country  and thus initiate crossbreedings with Creole cattle. It all started  when British born rancher John Miller imported "Tarquin", a bull   from his native country, for his stablishment "La Caledonia"   (Cañuelas, Buenos Aires).
   In their home country, Great Britain, and in others like Australia,   Canada, USA and South Africa, some of the Shorthorn herds  were selected for beef and other for milk.

   The same happened in  Argentina. In 1937, for example, from a total 2.847.000 dairy cows, 63%  were Shorthorn. But these figures started fallingwith the arrival of specifically dairy breeds.  Shorthorn beef-herds then up graded dairy ones and obtained an outstanding maternal ability which   yields high weaning weghts in calves. And this is the great advantage of Argentine breeders over producers from countries where bofh types of Shorthorns are reared.
   The main qualities of the Argentine Shorthorn, with a very productive biotype for pastoral farming, are maternal ability, toughness, fertility, calving ease and carcass quality.
   Shorthorn beeders -hornes and poller- pass down all the advantages of hybrid vogour to their  progeny. They are therefore deemed remarkably useful in improving crossbreeding. This has been  proved in several national evaluations carried out by renowned organisations such as INTA-SAGPyA. both these abd other research projects have shown that steers with Shorthorn blood produce beef with exceptional tendernees and outstanding marbling. This guarantees unusual palatability in consumer cuts.
   The Asociación Argentina Criadores de Shorthorn (AACS; Argentine Shorthorn Breeders  Association), founded in 1921, proved vital for the promotion the breed in the country. It organises shows and auctions and during the past years has provided the German market with Shorthorn beef, within the Hilton Quota establishment by the Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería, Pesca y  Alimentación de la Nación (SAGPyA).
 
   In Argentina, Pure Breed Herd Books are not kept by Breeders Associations, as in most cattle-rearing countries. They are under the care of the Sociedad Rural Argentina, founded in 1866. AACS, on the other hand, keeps Grade-up Herd Books. It includes pure breed bulls and cows  (not entered in the Argentine Herd Book) which have been approved by a breed association inspection according to their phenotypic characteristics. These Grade-up bulls are used in commercial herds over the country. They pass down all the original traits to their progeny because the introduction of other breeds in this herd book is forbidden.


ASOCIACION ARGENTINA CRIADORES DE SHORTHORN


 
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AGRICULTURA CONSTRUCCION Y GANADERIA EN ARGENTINA